Android Material Design入门

原作者:Ravi Tamada
原文地址:http://www.androidhive.info/…with-material-design/

你可能听说了在Android Lollipop(棒棒糖)版本中有关Material Design的介绍。在Material Design中,介绍了许多新的东西,像Material主题、新的widget、自定义阴影、矢量图片和自定义动画。如果你还没有使用过Material Design,那么这篇文章会给你一个好的开始。

在这个教程中,我们将学习Material Design开发基础的步骤,比如编写自定义主题、使用RecyclerView实现导航抽屉。

通过下面的链接获取更多的关于Material Design的知识:

Material Design Specifications
Creating Apps with Material Design

本文资源链接:

源码下载:点击获取
视频演示地址:Yutube

1. 下载Android Studio

在进一步了解之前,下载Android Studio并且进行必须的设置,因为之后我将使用Android Studio做教程讲解。如果你是第一次尝试Android Studio,通过概述文档了一下Android Studio。

2. Material Design颜色自定义

Material Design提供了一些其颜色主题的自定义属性,但是我们使用主要的五种,来自定义整个主题:

  • colorPrimaryDark – 应用于通知栏的背景色

  • colorPrimary – 这是应用最主要的颜色,应用于toolbar的背景色

  • textColorPrimary – 这是文字的颜色,应用于toolbar的标题

  • windowBackground – 这是应用默认的背景色

  • navigationBarColor – 这个颜色定义了底部导航按钮的背景色

android-material-design-color-schema

你可以通过Material Design颜色模型,去选择适合你应用的一套颜色

3. 创建 Material Design 主题

1. 在Android Studio中,通过File ⇒ New Project`并且填写其他需要的选项,来创建一个新的工程,当被提示选择默认的Activity时,选择Blank Activity即可

2. 打开res ⇒ values ⇒ strings.xml并且添加以下文字:

strings.xml

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
<resources>
<string name="app_name">Material Design</string>
<string name="action_settings">Settings</string>
<string name="action_search">Search</string>
<string name="drawer_open">Open</string>
<string name="drawer_close">Close</string>
<string name="nav_item_home">Home</string>
<string name="nav_item_friends">Friends</string>
<string name="nav_item_notifications">Messages</string>
<!-- navigation drawer item labels -->
<string-array name="nav_drawer_labels">
<item>@string/nav_item_home</item>
<item>@string/nav_item_friends</item>
<item>@string/nav_item_notifications</item>
</string-array>
<string name="title_messages">Messages</string>
<string name="title_friends">Friends</string>
<string name="title_home">Home</string>
</resources>

3. 打开res ⇒ values ⇒ colors.xml并且添加以下颜色值,如果你没有找到colors.xml,就新建一个文件即可

colors.xml

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<resources>
<color name="colorPrimary">#F50057</color>
<color name="colorPrimaryDark">#C51162</color>
<color name="textColorPrimary">#FFFFFF</color>
<color name="windowBackground">#FFFFFF</color>
<color name="navigationBarColor">#000000</color>
<color name="colorAccent">#FF80AB</color>
</resources>

4. 打开res ⇒ values ⇒ dimens.xml并添加以下尺寸值

dimens.xml

1
2
3
4
5
6
<resources>
<!-- Default screen margins, per the Android Design guidelines. -->
<dimen name="activity_horizontal_margin">16dp</dimen>
<dimen name="activity_vertical_margin">16dp</dimen>
<dimen name="nav_drawer_width">260dp</dimen>
</resources>

5. 打开res ⇒ values ⇒ styles.xml并添加以下样式。这些样式适用于所有的安卓版本,这里我定义主题的名字为:MyMaterialTheme

styles.xml

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
<resources>
<style name="MyMaterialTheme" parent="MyMaterialTheme.Base">
</style>
<style name="MyMaterialTheme.Base" parent="Theme.AppCompat.Light.DarkActionBar">
<item name="windowNoTitle">true</item>
<item name="windowActionBar">false</item>
<item name="colorPrimary">@color/colorPrimary</item>
<item name="colorPrimaryDark">@color/colorPrimaryDark</item>
<item name="colorAccent">@color/colorAccent</item>
</style>
</resources>

6.res下新建一个文件夹:values-v21,在这下面新建另外一个styles.xml天下一下样式,这些延时只适用于Android Lollipop版本

styles.xml

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
<resources>
<style name="MyMaterialTheme" parent="MyMaterialTheme.Base">
<item name="android:windowContentTransitions">true</item>
<item name="android:windowAllowEnterTransitionOverlap">true</item>
<item name="android:windowAllowReturnTransitionOverlap">true</item>
<item name="android:windowSharedElementEnterTransition">@android:transition/move</item>
<item name="android:windowSharedElementExitTransition">@android:transition/move</item>
</style>
</resources>

7. 现在我们已经准备好了基本的Material Design样式,为了应用这个主题,打开AndroidManifest.xml并通过标签下的android:theme attribute of属性为应用设置该主题

android:theme="@style/MyMaterialTheme"

在设置了该主题之后,你的AndroidManifest.xml应该是下面的样子:

AndroidManifest.xml

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
package="info.androidhive.materialdesign" >
<application
android:allowBackup="true"
android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
android:label="@string/app_name"
android:theme="@style/MyMaterialTheme" >
<activity
android:name=".activity.MainActivity"
android:label="@string/app_name" >
<intent-filter>
<action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />
<category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
</intent-filter>
</activity>
</application>
</manifest>

现在运行你的应用,你可以看到通知栏的颜色已经是我们设置的样式的颜色了。

android-material-design-notification-bar

3.1 添加Toolbar(Action Bar)

添加toolbar是非常容易的,你需要做的就是,为toolbar创建一个单独的layout,在其他layout中需要显示的地方使用。

8. 新建一个xml文件res ⇒ layout ⇒ toolbar.xml并添加android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar控件,这个toolbar具有特定的宽度和主题

toolbar.xml

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
xmlns:local="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
android:id="@+id/toolbar"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:minHeight="?attr/actionBarSize"
android:background="?attr/colorPrimary"
local:theme="@style/ThemeOverlay.AppCompat.Dark.ActionBar"
local:popupTheme="@style/ThemeOverlay.AppCompat.Light" />

9. 打开主Activity的布局文件(activity_main.xml),并通过<include/>来添加对toolbar的使用

activity_main.xml

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="match_parent"
tools:context=".MainActivity">
<LinearLayout
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_alignParentTop="true"
android:orientation="vertical">
<include
android:id="@+id/toolbar"
layout="@layout/toolbar" />
</LinearLayout>
</RelativeLayout>

运行这个应用,并且看看toolbar是不是显示在屏幕上

android-material-design-toolbar

现在让我们试着给toolbar添加标题和交互

10. 下载这个搜索图标,在Android Studio中通过Image Asset来引用它

11. 右键res ⇒ New ⇒ Image Asset,会显示一个弹窗来引入资源,找到你下载的搜索图标,Asset Type选择Action Bar and Tab Icons,并命名为ic_search_action

android-studio-importing-image-asset

12. 图标导入完成之后,打开res ⇒ menu ⇒ menu_main.xml并且添加下面的搜索菜单:

menu_main.xml

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
<menu xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
tools:context=".MainActivity">
<item
android:id="@+id/action_search"
android:title="@string/action_search"
android:orderInCategory="100"
android:icon="@drawable/ic_action_search"
app:showAsAction="ifRoom" />
<item
android:id="@+id/action_settings"
android:title="@string/action_settings"
android:orderInCategory="100"
app:showAsAction="never" />
</menu>

13. 现在打开MainActivity.java并且做如下修改:

  • 1.继承的activity是AppCompatActivity

  • 2.调用setSupportActionBar()并传递toolbar对象,以设置toolbar为可用状态

    1. 复写onCreateOptionsMenu()onOptionsItemSelected()方法来设置toolbar的交互行为

MainActivity.java

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuItem;
public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
private Toolbar mToolbar;
@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
mToolbar = (Toolbar) findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
setSupportActionBar(mToolbar);
getSupportActionBar().setDisplayShowHomeEnabled(true);
}
@Override
public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
// Inflate the menu; this adds items to the action bar if it is present.
getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.menu_main, menu);
return true;
}
@Override
public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
// Handle action bar item clicks here. The action bar will
// automatically handle clicks on the Home/Up button, so long
// as you specify a parent activity in AndroidManifest.xml.
int id = item.getItemId();
//noinspection SimplifiableIfStatement
if (id == R.id.action_settings) {
return true;
}
return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
}
}

在做了以上修改之后,如果你运行应用,你应该能够在toolbar中看到搜索图标和更多菜单选项了

android-material-design-toolbar-action-items

3.2 添加导航抽屉

添加导航抽屉,同样是按照之前lollipop的方式,但是如果菜单项使用列表视图,在Material design中要使用RecyclerView。因此让我们看看怎样实现RecyclerView导航抽屉。

14. 在你项目的java文件夹中,新建三个包:activityadaptermodel,并且把MainActivity.java移动到activity包下,这样来保证项目的条理性

15. 打开model下的build.gradle,添加下面的依赖,然后执行Build ⇒ Rebuild Project来下载必须的库

build.gradle

1
2
3
4
5
dependencies {
compile fileTree(dir: 'libs', include: ['*.jar'])
compile 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:22.2.0'
compile 'com.android.support:recyclerview-v7:22.2.+'
}

16.model包下,新建一个class文件,命名为NavDrawerItem.java,添加以下代码,这个class是一个实体类,它定义了导航抽屉里每一行的菜单项

NavDrawerItem.java

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
package info.androidhive.materialdesign.model;
/**
* Created by Ravi on 29/07/15.
*/
public class NavDrawerItem {
private boolean showNotify;
private String title;
public NavDrawerItem() {
}
public NavDrawerItem(boolean showNotify, String title) {
this.showNotify = showNotify;
this.title = title;
}
public boolean isShowNotify() {
return showNotify;
}
public void setShowNotify(boolean showNotify) {
this.showNotify = showNotify;
}
public String getTitle() {
return title;
}
public void setTitle(String title) {
this.title = title;
}
}

17.res ⇒ layout之下,新建一个布局文件,叫做nav_draw_row.xml添加以下代码。这个layout渲染的导航抽屉每一行的视图,如果你想要自定义导航抽屉菜单项,你应该修改这个文件,现在只有一个TextView

nav_drawer_row.xml

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:clickable="true">
<TextView
android:id="@+id/title"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:paddingLeft="30dp"
android:paddingTop="10dp"
android:paddingBottom="10dp"
android:textSize="15dp"
android:textStyle="bold" />
</RelativeLayout>

18. 下载这个个人信息的图标,并把它粘贴到drawable 文件夹下,这一步是可选的,但是这个图标在导航抽屉的header中有使用到

19. 新建一个layout命名fragment_navigation_drawer.xml,并且添加以下代码。这个layout呈现了整个导航抽屉的视图,它包含了头部部分,用于展示用户信息、RecyclerView来展示列表视图

fragment_navigation_drawer.xml

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="match_parent"
android:background="@android:color/white">
<RelativeLayout
android:id="@+id/nav_header_container"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="140dp"
android:layout_alignParentTop="true"
android:background="@color/colorPrimary">
<ImageView
android:layout_width="70dp"
android:layout_height="70dp"
android:src="@drawable/ic_profile"
android:scaleType="fitCenter"
android:layout_centerInParent="true" />
</RelativeLayout>
<android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView
android:id="@+id/drawerList"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_below="@id/nav_header_container"
android:layout_marginTop="15dp" />
</RelativeLayout>

20. 因为RecyclerView是自定义的,我们需要一个adapter类去渲染自定义xml布局,因此,在adapter包下,创建一个适配器类NavigationDrawerAdapter.java,然后粘贴下面的代码。这个适配器类适配nav_drawer_row.xml布局并呈现RecycleView抽屉菜单

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
import android.content.Context;
import android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import android.widget.TextView;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.List;
/**
* Created by Ravi Tamada on 12-03-2015.
*/
public class NavigationDrawerAdapter extends RecyclerView.Adapter<NavigationDrawerAdapter.MyViewHolder> {
List<NavDrawerItem> data = Collections.emptyList();
private LayoutInflater inflater;
private Context context;
public NavigationDrawerAdapter(Context context, List<NavDrawerItem> data) {
this.context = context;
inflater = LayoutInflater.from(context);
this.data = data;
}
public void delete(int position) {
data.remove(position);
notifyItemRemoved(position);
}
@Override
public MyViewHolder onCreateViewHolder(ViewGroup parent, int viewType) {
View view = inflater.inflate(R.layout.nav_drawer_row, parent, false);
MyViewHolder holder = new MyViewHolder(view);
return holder;
}
@Override
public void onBindViewHolder(MyViewHolder holder, int position) {
NavDrawerItem current = data.get(position);
holder.title.setText(current.getTitle());
}
@Override
public int getItemCount() {
return data.size();
}
class MyViewHolder extends RecyclerView.ViewHolder {
TextView title;
public MyViewHolder(View itemView) {
super(itemView);
title = (TextView) itemView.findViewById(R.id.title);
}
}
}

21. 在activity包下,新建一个fragment叫做FragmentDrawer.java。在Android Studio中,新建fragment:右键activity ⇒ New ⇒ Fragment ⇒ Fragment (Blank),并且给出你的fragment的名称

FragmentDrawer.java

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
/**
* Created by Ravi on 29/07/15.
*/
import android.content.Context;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v4.app.Fragment;
import android.support.v4.widget.DrawerLayout;
import android.support.v7.app.ActionBarDrawerToggle;
import android.support.v7.widget.LinearLayoutManager;
import android.support.v7.widget.RecyclerView;
import android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar;
import android.view.GestureDetector;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.MotionEvent;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;
import info.androidhive.materialdesign.R;
import info.androidhive.materialdesign.adapter.NavigationDrawerAdapter;
import info.androidhive.materialdesign.model.NavDrawerItem;
public class FragmentDrawer extends Fragment {
private static String TAG = FragmentDrawer.class.getSimpleName();
private RecyclerView recyclerView;
private ActionBarDrawerToggle mDrawerToggle;
private DrawerLayout mDrawerLayout;
private NavigationDrawerAdapter adapter;
private View containerView;
private static String[] titles = null;
private FragmentDrawerListener drawerListener;
public FragmentDrawer() {
}
public void setDrawerListener(FragmentDrawerListener listener) {
this.drawerListener = listener;
}
public static List<NavDrawerItem> getData() {
List<NavDrawerItem> data = new ArrayList<>();
// preparing navigation drawer items
for (int i = 0; i < titles.length; i++) {
NavDrawerItem navItem = new NavDrawerItem();
navItem.setTitle(titles[i]);
data.add(navItem);
}
return data;
}
@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
// drawer labels
titles = getActivity().getResources().getStringArray(R.array.nav_drawer_labels);
}
@Override
public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container,
Bundle savedInstanceState) {
// Inflating view layout
View layout = inflater.inflate(R.layout.fragment_navigation_drawer, container, false);
recyclerView = (RecyclerView) layout.findViewById(R.id.drawerList);
adapter = new NavigationDrawerAdapter(getActivity(), getData());
recyclerView.setAdapter(adapter);
recyclerView.setLayoutManager(new LinearLayoutManager(getActivity()));
recyclerView.addOnItemTouchListener(new RecyclerTouchListener(getActivity(), recyclerView, new ClickListener() {
@Override
public void onClick(View view, int position) {
drawerListener.onDrawerItemSelected(view, position);
mDrawerLayout.closeDrawer(containerView);
}
@Override
public void onLongClick(View view, int position) {
}
}));
return layout;
}
public void setUp(int fragmentId, DrawerLayout drawerLayout, final Toolbar toolbar) {
containerView = getActivity().findViewById(fragmentId);
mDrawerLayout = drawerLayout;
mDrawerToggle = new ActionBarDrawerToggle(getActivity(), drawerLayout, toolbar, R.string.drawer_open, R.string.drawer_close) {
@Override
public void onDrawerOpened(View drawerView) {
super.onDrawerOpened(drawerView);
getActivity().invalidateOptionsMenu();
}
@Override
public void onDrawerClosed(View drawerView) {
super.onDrawerClosed(drawerView);
getActivity().invalidateOptionsMenu();
}
@Override
public void onDrawerSlide(View drawerView, float slideOffset) {
super.onDrawerSlide(drawerView, slideOffset);
toolbar.setAlpha(1 - slideOffset / 2);
}
};
mDrawerLayout.setDrawerListener(mDrawerToggle);
mDrawerLayout.post(new Runnable() {
@Override
public void run() {
mDrawerToggle.syncState();
}
});
}
public static interface ClickListener {
public void onClick(View view, int position);
public void onLongClick(View view, int position);
}
static class RecyclerTouchListener implements RecyclerView.OnItemTouchListener {
private GestureDetector gestureDetector;
private ClickListener clickListener;
public RecyclerTouchListener(Context context, final RecyclerView recyclerView, final ClickListener clickListener) {
this.clickListener = clickListener;
gestureDetector = new GestureDetector(context, new GestureDetector.SimpleOnGestureListener() {
@Override
public boolean onSingleTapUp(MotionEvent e) {
return true;
}
@Override
public void onLongPress(MotionEvent e) {
View child = recyclerView.findChildViewUnder(e.getX(), e.getY());
if (child != null && clickListener != null) {
clickListener.onLongClick(child, recyclerView.getChildPosition(child));
}
}
});
}
@Override
public boolean onInterceptTouchEvent(RecyclerView rv, MotionEvent e) {
View child = rv.findChildViewUnder(e.getX(), e.getY());
if (child != null && clickListener != null && gestureDetector.onTouchEvent(e)) {
clickListener.onClick(child, rv.getChildPosition(child));
}
return false;
}
@Override
public void onTouchEvent(RecyclerView rv, MotionEvent e) {
}
@Override
public void onRequestDisallowInterceptTouchEvent(boolean disallowIntercept) {
}
}
public interface FragmentDrawerListener {
public void onDrawerItemSelected(View view, int position);
}
}

22. 最后,打开首页activity的布局文件activity_main.xml,按照下面这样修改。在这个布局中,我们添加了android.support.v4.widget.DrawerLayout,来显示导航抽屉菜单

你也必须写出你的fragment下FragmentDrawer的正确路径

actiivty_main.xml

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
<android.support.v4.widget.DrawerLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
android:id="@+id/drawer_layout"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="match_parent">
<LinearLayout
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="match_parent"
android:orientation="vertical">
<LinearLayout
android:id="@+id/container_toolbar"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:orientation="vertical">
<include
android:id="@+id/toolbar"
layout="@layout/toolbar" />
</LinearLayout>
<FrameLayout
android:id="@+id/container_body"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="0dp"
android:layout_weight="1" />
</LinearLayout>
<fragment
android:id="@+id/fragment_navigation_drawer"
android:name="info.androidhive.materialdesign.activity.FragmentDrawer"
android:layout_width="@dimen/nav_drawer_width"
android:layout_height="match_parent"
android:layout_gravity="start"
app:layout="@layout/fragment_navigation_drawer"
tools:layout="@layout/fragment_navigation_drawer" />
</android.support.v4.widget.DrawerLayout>

现在,我们已经准备好所有的layout和class,让我们在MainActivity中做一些必要的修改,使得导航抽屉可以正常运行

23. 打开MainActivity.java并且做如下修改

  • activity需要实现FragmentDrawer.FragmentDrawerListener并且复写onDrawerItemSelected()**方法

  • 创建一个**FragmentDrawer的实例,并设置这个菜单选择的监听器

MainActivity.java

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
import android.support.v4.widget.DrawerLayout;
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity implements FragmentDrawer.FragmentDrawerListener {
private Toolbar mToolbar;
private FragmentDrawer drawerFragment;
@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
mToolbar = (Toolbar) findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
setSupportActionBar(mToolbar);
getSupportActionBar().setDisplayShowHomeEnabled(true);
drawerFragment = (FragmentDrawer)
getSupportFragmentManager().findFragmentById(R.id.fragment_navigation_drawer);
drawerFragment.setUp(R.id.fragment_navigation_drawer, (DrawerLayout) findViewById(R.id.drawer_layout), mToolbar);
drawerFragment.setDrawerListener(this);
}
@Override
public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
// Inflate the menu; this adds items to the action bar if it is present.
getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.menu_main, menu);
return true;
}
@Override
public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
// Handle action bar item clicks here. The action bar will
// automatically handle clicks on the Home/Up button, so long
// as you specify a parent activity in AndroidManifest.xml.
int id = item.getItemId();
//noinspection SimplifiableIfStatement
if (id == R.id.action_settings) {
return true;
}
return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
}
@Override
public void onDrawerItemSelected(View view, int position) {
}
}

现在,如果你运行这个应用,你能够看到这个导航抽屉,包含一个header和列表

androd-material-design-navigation-drawer

androd-material-design-navigation-drawer

3.3 实现导航抽屉的选择事件
尽管导航抽屉成功运行了,但是你看到菜单的点击事件没有正常运行,这是因为我们也需要实现RecyclerView的click监听事件

因为我们有三个菜单项(Home, Friends & Messages)在导航抽屉中,因此我们需要创建三个独立的fragment类为每一个菜单

24. 在res下面,新建一个xml文件叫做fragment_home.xml并添加以下代码

fragment_home.xml

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="match_parent"
android:orientation="vertical"
tools:context="info.androidhive.materialdesign.activity.HomeFragment">
<TextView
android:id="@+id/label"
android:layout_alignParentTop="true"
android:layout_marginTop="100dp"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:gravity="center_horizontal"
android:textSize="45dp"
android:text="HOME"
android:textStyle="bold"/>
<TextView
android:layout_below="@id/label"
android:layout_centerInParent="true"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:textSize="12dp"
android:layout_marginTop="10dp"
android:gravity="center_horizontal"
android:text="Edit fragment_home.xml to change the appearance" />
</RelativeLayout>

25. 在activity包下,新建一个fragment类,叫做HomeFragment.java并且添加以下代码

HomeFragment.java

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v4.app.Fragment;
import android.view.LayoutInflater;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.ViewGroup;
public class HomeFragment extends Fragment {
public HomeFragment() {
// Required empty public constructor
}
@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
}
@Override
public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container,
Bundle savedInstanceState) {
View rootView = inflater.inflate(R.layout.fragment_home, container, false);
// Inflate the layout for this fragment
return rootView;
}
@Override
public void onAttach(Activity activity) {
super.onAttach(activity);
}
@Override
public void onDetach() {
super.onDetach();
}
}

26. 新建两个fragment类分别叫做:FriendsFragment.javaMessagesFragment.java,同样新建两个xml:fragment_friends.xmlfragment_messages.xml,按照上面步骤添加代码

27. 现在打开MainActivity.java,做以下修改

  • displayView()方法显示fragment,这个方法在onDrawerItemSelected()中被调用,当菜单被选择的时候,来渲染对应的布局

MainActivity.java

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.support.v4.app.Fragment;
import android.support.v4.app.FragmentManager;
import android.support.v4.app.FragmentTransaction;
import android.support.v4.widget.DrawerLayout;
import android.support.v7.app.ActionBarActivity;
import android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar;
import android.view.Menu;
import android.view.MenuItem;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Toast;
public class MainActivity extends ActionBarActivity implements FragmentDrawer.FragmentDrawerListener {
private static String TAG = MainActivity.class.getSimpleName();
private Toolbar mToolbar;
private FragmentDrawer drawerFragment;
@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
mToolbar = (Toolbar) findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
setSupportActionBar(mToolbar);
getSupportActionBar().setDisplayShowHomeEnabled(true);
drawerFragment = (FragmentDrawer)
getSupportFragmentManager().findFragmentById(R.id.fragment_navigation_drawer);
drawerFragment.setUp(R.id.fragment_navigation_drawer, (DrawerLayout) findViewById(R.id.drawer_layout), mToolbar);
drawerFragment.setDrawerListener(this);
// display the first navigation drawer view on app launch
displayView(0);
}
@Override
public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
// Inflate the menu; this adds items to the action bar if it is present.
getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.menu_main, menu);
return true;
}
@Override
public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
// Handle action bar item clicks here. The action bar will
// automatically handle clicks on the Home/Up button, so long
// as you specify a parent activity in AndroidManifest.xml.
int id = item.getItemId();
//noinspection SimplifiableIfStatement
if (id == R.id.action_settings) {
return true;
}
if(id == R.id.action_search){
Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "Search action is selected!", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
return true;
}
return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
}
@Override
public void onDrawerItemSelected(View view, int position) {
displayView(position);
}
private void displayView(int position) {
Fragment fragment = null;
String title = getString(R.string.app_name);
switch (position) {
case 0:
fragment = new HomeFragment();
title = getString(R.string.title_home);
break;
case 1:
fragment = new FriendsFragment();
title = getString(R.string.title_friends);
break;
case 2:
fragment = new MessagesFragment();
title = getString(R.string.title_messages);
break;
default:
break;
}
if (fragment != null) {
FragmentManager fragmentManager = getSupportFragmentManager();
FragmentTransaction fragmentTransaction = fragmentManager.beginTransaction();
fragmentTransaction.replace(R.id.container_body, fragment);
fragmentTransaction.commit();
// set the toolbar title
getSupportActionBar().setTitle(title);
}
}
}

现在再来运行你的应用,你能够看到导航抽屉菜单的选择事件可以正常实现,并且对应的布局显示在toolbar下面

android-material-design-navigation-drawer-1

android-material-design-navigation-drawer-2

android-material-design-navigation-drawer-3

谢谢大爷~

  • 微信打赏二维码

    微信

  • 支付宝打赏二维码

    支付宝



目录
  1. 1. 1. 下载Android Studio
  2. 2. 2. Material Design颜色自定义
  3. 3. 3. 创建 Material Design 主题
本站访问量   |   您是第 位.